Thursday, August 27, 2020

Othello Essays (606 words) - Othello, English-language Films

Othello Othello is a Moorish aristocrat and trooper of fortune, slanted into the vale of a long time. Presently in the administration of the Venetian State as a general against the Turks. Othello is supposed to be extraordinary of heart, noteworthy and valiant, of a free open nature, that thinks men fair that however appear to be so, and accordingly simple casualty to the green looked at monster...JEALOUSY. At the start of the play, Othello shows up as an honorable, liberal, created man. He is moreover impressively upbeat, both as a general and as a spouse to Desdemona. Yet, as we follow the play along we see there is a split as a part of his character. Albert Gerard puts it, [Othello] is the satisfaction of a spoilt youngster, not of a develop mind; it is the weak completeness of honesty; it is pre-cognizant, pre-levelheaded, pre-moral. In this statement Albert Gerard attempts to get over that Othello has not had any significant obstructions to defeat in the course of his life. Although he was in the military of the Venetian State Othello was still misdirected by many. One referenced in the play was Iago, the man whose spouse was the paramour of Othello's significant other, the reasonable Desdemona. The genuine inquiry I think in the play is the reason Othello would trust Iago over Desdemona? A few pundits state it since Iago is a man and back at the point when this play occur almost certainly, a man would confide in a man before he would confide in a lady. In any case, others state it is on the grounds that Iago simply continued pestering at Othello about the issue and he had never thought about a lady to such an extent as he gave it a second thought for her, and that is the thing that drove Othello over the profound end. What if Iago had referenced just once that Desdemona had cheated, do you believe that Othello may have proceeded to ask his significant other or do you feel that he would have done likewise thing? That is a hard inquiry to anwser in light of the fact that Othello had never had any hindrances like I referenced previously, until know. This impediment looked by Othello shocked him and he didn't have any piece of information what to do. So the same number of individuals would do in an emergency like that, he asked a companion. The companion simply happened to be the man that let him know, fair Iago. Iago, the mental case that he is, clues to him that he should execute his significant other, which is an inappropriate activity, of course. Othello looking for counsel takes Iago. At this point Othello has had a great deal of time to think about and he kills her. The he murders himself and attempts to slaughter Iago, yet comes up short. Are there comparable characteristics among Othello and Iago? Sure there are. Some of which are the two of them like to be in consistent clash and the are both respectable men in the regal court. Both of them had various characteristics as well. For one Othello was and genuine and caring man. Be that as it may, Iago on the other had been a lying and misleading man, who just needed what was best for himself and no one else. Before the finish of the play Othello had gotten the direct inverse that he was toward the start of the play. He was much the same as Iago. He had killed his spouse and executed himself. Othello all in all is a balanced individual yet as you converse with him and get him aggravated up you understand that he was a wide range of sides to his character. The one seen most in this play was his indignation/envy demeanor. This was brought out by Iago, his companion. Evern however he was so may sides Othello is as yet a normally kind individual along these lines he was raised by acceptable guardians and family. Taking everything into account Othello ought to have recently asked Desdemona and all would have finished great.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Global Crime Analysis Essay

Each and every day, in each area of the world, there is wrongdoing going on. Wrongdoing doesn't just occur in one explicit zone, therefore it is an issue all over the guide. There are different major worldwide wrongdoings and criminal issues that globally affect national and universal equity frameworks and procedures that each individual ought to be learned about. Investigating the different worldwide criminal equity frameworks and how these major worldwide wrongdoings and criminal issues are tended to just assists people with seeing each equity framework all around the world. The equity framework, in each nation, is definitely affected on a standard as a result of the numerous worldwide wrongdoings and criminal issue happening. Medication dealing, misrepresentation, pirating, coercion, psychological warfare, tax evasion, packs, briber, and digital wrongdoing are only a few instances of worldwide violations that are found in this world. Albeit every single worldwide wrongdoing are not kidding and cause gives the worldwide medication exchange is one that is a progressing and is as of now a multi-billion dollar industry. Consistently, all around the globe drugs are being made, however it is just in specific nations that huge amounts of medication exchanges are made. Explicit medications are essentially found inside just certain nations yet concerning Marijuana it tends to be delivered around the world. Pot is a medication that is effectively delivers so it goes to nothing unexpected that it very well may be gotten around the world. Then again people will locate that various medications are found in various regions of the world. For tranquilize purchaser is hoping to purchase opium poppies used to deliver heroin, Myanmar, the Golden Triangle Burma, Thailand and Laos, Pakistan, Iran, and the Golden Crescent Afghanistan would be the spots of enthusiasm for the purchaser. Then again with regards to the medication cocaine, South America would be the buyer’s spot of intrigue. As can be seen these medications all are created inside underdeveloped nations reason being the creation of these medications helps these nations economies by bring more cash whether it be unlawfully or not. This is the place a contention comes in, with every nation having various purposes of perspectives on medicate exchange it is difficult to uphold sedate laws if all nations are not eye to eye. So as to improve the general viability of techniques the law enforcement’s from different nations needs to cooperate to attempt to concoct procedures and approaches to bring down the medication exchange. The political and social structure majorly affects the far reaching of certain wrongdoing. Every nation being differing causes this to shift from nation to nation. â€Å"For model, in center salary and creating nations, crime is unquestionably increasingly predominant contrasted with countries with higher incomes† (Shaw, et al, 2004). Research uncovers that countries that have high paces of murder will in general be joined by social and political turmoil, where wrongdoing associations will in general run the nation more than the politicians† (Shaw, et al, 2004). â€Å"On the other hand, there has been a sensational decrease in the paces of burglary among countries remembered for North America contrasted with different countries of the world† (Shaw, et al, 2 004). Inside the criminal equity framework something else that changes from nation to nation is how hoodlums are attempted and kept. This distinction seen depends on the diverse social and political structures that are made for every nation. Research has uncovered that most countries adhere to a common law framework, which is normally founded on Roman law structures, in which an individual can be rebuffed when an adequate measure of proof demonstrates that an individual is liable of a crime† (O’Connor, 2011). â€Å"This fluctuates from the customary law frameworks, where blamelessness is expected before demonstrating that an individual is blameworthy of a crime† (O’Connor, 2011). â€Å"More basic in countries, for example, Iraq, Afghanistan, and Iran, the Islamic law framework is straightforwardly founded on the Koran, which is regularly deciphered as a harsher law framework contrasted with other law frameworks used by other nations† (O’Connor, 2011 ). Much of the time the law framework that is being utilized inside the nation is one that thinks about the convictions and measures of that specific region. Generally speaking, this helps people of a specific nation comprehend what precisely would be viewed as a wrongdoing inside their nation. When taking a gander at nations individually a distinction can be built up. One model is â€Å"seven of the eight countries that are remembered for the gathering of Caribbean countries have been influenced by pilgrim rule for centuries† (United Nations Program Development, 2012). This frontier rule has made their criminal equity framework be founded on British custom-based law, just as national legal laws† (United Nations Program Development, 2012). â€Å"Their courts are likewise organized in a way that is like British courts, where there is a justice court, a high court, just as a court of appeals† (United Nations Program Development, 2012). Albeit all people investigated in court get a reasonable preliminary, juries are regularly just utilized in genuine criminal preliminaries. This is undoubtedly unique in relation to the United States equity framework, where there are scarcely any cases at any point attempted where a jury was not included. Research has uncovered that the paces of whittling down, or the rates wherein a criminal is acquired and gone after for the violations where they are blamed for perpetrating, contrast with the status of the nation† (Shaw, et al, 2004). This implying countries that are increasingly evolved will in general have higher paces of whittling down and countries that are as yet creating countries have lower weakening factors rates. The remedial framework is another piece of the criminal equity framework that shifts from nation to nation. Albeit numerous nations remedial frameworks are to some degree like the one in the United States, they all differ here and there. In Jamaica, law authorization relies upon the probation framework so as to restore hoodlums who go through their correctional system† (United Nations Program Development, 2012). Inside different countries that are remembered for Caribbean countries both probation and parole are usually used to restore crooks (United Nations Program Development, 2012). Then again look into shows that countries with little wrongdoing, for example, Switzerland, have little wrongdoing is on the grounds that there are abundance of social foundations that help to guarantee that every resident is very much accommodated (O’Connor, 2011). Wrongdoing is going to keep on happening each day, regardless of the area of the world. The different major worldwide violations and criminal issues that globally affect national and universal equity frameworks and procedures will keep on affecting every single nation except if an agreement is made. No two nations are the equivalent and thus no two criminal equity frameworks will ever be in understanding, yet getting mindful of these distinctions will just assists people with seeing each equity framework all around the world whether it be the United States or China.

Friday, August 21, 2020

Human Resources Essay Example for Free

HR Essay There are many contrasts in which the information hypothesis in various expert settings, for example, instructive, HR, administration, and so forth can be showed. This human asset framework will consolidate three significant logical levels, with the principal level tending to information hypothesis subjects, the second relating parts of that topic, and the third meaning the associations to which they apply. As indicated by the hypothesis of information that was presented by Kant, it is a result of uncertainty and this hypothesis causes us to recognize directly from wrong subsequent to inspecting the things that can be trusted and ones that can't be trusted. Separating information and surmisings is something begging to be proven wrong and the logicians accept that this differentiation is deceptive and that all information can either be prompt and subsidiary. (Hypothesis of Knowledge. data, n. d. ). Meaning of information The way that we should use so as to bestow information is significant. For this, we need to make the other individual conviction that information is valid, moreover the words that we use to confer that data assume an extremely essential job. The conduct of the individuals in the work settings would then be able to be decided after which they dissect reality in the rationale and it ought not be unclear, anyway individuals in various work settings may respond in an alternate way. Information Data is essentially crude data and information can be a trait of conduct that can be mental or physical. Strategies for Inference The significant types of induction for hypothesis of information are those in which we gather the presence of something having certain qualities from the presence of something having certain different attributes, moreover there is a likelihood if the information may be valid or bogus just as confinement of assortment. We get information from our environmental factors, our past encounters, our discernments about specific things, and so forth. Our comprehension is likewise influenced by how we take the things. One of the issues that happens because of the hypothesis of information is the thing that information is or what it originates from or is there any such thing really present or not, in this manner this reality is some way or another genuine that distinctive expert settings have various speculations of information. Instructive Setting The information hypothesis subject in the instructive setting would have the essential need to bestow information to the individuals who come to look for training. Individuals teach themselves for the sole rationale of looking for more data and information with the goal that they can build up a center competency over the others. Instances of such a setting can be any school, school or college. Other than a formal instructive establishment, individuals additionally gain proficiency with a great deal at their work particularly in the learning associations. (Christner, Freeman Mennuti, 2005). Human Resource Setting The obligation of the pioneer is to make development and the pioneer must know all the fundamental prerequisites of being a HR administrator. He ought to have what it takes of recruiting and choosing new applicants after which he should assess which ones to choose and these which ones to prepare once they are chosen. Much the same as the methodology that is embraced by Wal-Mart does I. e. choosing the correct contender for the correct position is one of the fundamental needs of an association and after the choice; the pioneers ought to urge their youngsters to propose thoughts that could prompt imagination and development. Moreover, it is basic for the association to remunerate its representatives and to help alongside appropriate amalgamation. This will guarantee that the procedures are applied to the associations. This is on the grounds that an association is huge or little; they need a HR division to deal with their HR well. Evans, 2003). Administration Setting In the administration area, information is the primary concern on which these kinds of work setting exist. Administrations are immaterial in nature thus they can't be seen or contacted, anyway they can be felt and the client can quantify the exhibition of an assistance by deciding what amount fulfilled he is with the administrations that were being rendered to him. The US economy is for the most part dependent on the administrations. A large portion of the US residents work in the administration part. Models can incorporate specialists, advisors and instructors, and so on. End While looking at the distinctions of how information hypothesis is showed in instructive, HR, administration settings, it is in this way evident that every one of the three require various speculations and information to work. Instructive setting empowers us to analyze how information can be applied in an association and this should be possible by utilizing information the executives strategies that help in better dynamic and better method for correspondence that prompts upgrade. Human asset setting is fundamentally how to deal with the human aptitudes while administration setting is about the mood and physical condition wherein an assistance happens and is additionally called administrations cape.

Friday, May 15, 2020

Violence in the Media Essay - 777 Words

Violence in the Media What makes the Roadrunner and Coyote cartoons so funny and memorable? Of course, the explosions, hits and falls the Coyote takes while in pursuit of the Roadrunner. Pediatrics, a pediatrician read magazine, wrote an article on the influence violence, such as that in cartoons and other forms of media, has on children from ages 2-18 titled â€Å"Media Violence.† â€Å"Although recent school shootings have prompted politicians and the general public to focus their attention on the influence of media violence, the medical community has been concerned with this issue since the 1950s,† says American Academy of Pediatrics, the author of the article in November of 2001. The article calls for a need for all pediatricians to take†¦show more content†¦Despite these publications, the author has no proof of how these statistics are true and fails to go into any detail of why they may be true. Through the entire argument, the author puts out many statistics from random publications, but gives no reason as to why they may be true. Common math shows 6 hours and 32 minutes of exposure to media everyday, for example, would mean that if a child wakes up at 7 in the morning, goes to school at 8, and gets home at 3:30, the child must then consistently use those forms of media nonstop until he or she goes to bed at 10 which leaves no room for studying, playing with friends, or even eating dinner. The author, or authors are members of the American Academy of Pediatrics, who publish the magazine. No single name is associated with writing this article; rather, it states the names of everyone on the Committee on Public Education. Everyone on the committee is a certified Medical Doctor, and each is probably a pediatrician, but none of the statistics are backed with any sort of proof from them, only the publications to which they were taken out of. Some of the publications which the statistics are taken out of come from Universities though, which make them more believable than the ones with random authors. The authors seem to have carefully chosen their statistics and haven’t needed to say much to show what point they are trying to make. TheShow MoreRelatedMedia Violence And The Media Essay864 Words   |  4 PagesExposure to the media violence may be especially problematic in late adolescence. Television and other media play a major role in adolescent socialization and identity development by providing perspectives, values, ideologies, and behavior models (Arnett G., Roberts D. et al.). The socializing role of television in particular may be ampliï ¬ ed by the large amount of time young people spend with this medium. Speciï ¬ cally, 18- to 24-year-olds spend more time watching television and movies than youngerRead MoreMedia, Violence, And Violence Essay1892 Words   |  8 Pageswould be the media. Media and violence are both very wide and broad concepts that have massive impacts in our society, and it is important to distinguish their relationship with each other. The types of media are things such as violent video games, films, newspapers, magazines and television. One particular type of media that is often very problematized is violent video games. Different studies have shown convincing and unconvincing correlational in regards to the media and violence, but to whomRead MoreMedia, Violence, And Violence Essay1949 Words   |  8 Pageswould be the media. Media and violence are both very wide and broad concepts that have massive impacts in our society, and it is important to distinguish their relationship with each other. The types of media are things such as violent video games, films, newspapers, magazines and television. One particular type of media that is often very problematized is violent video games. Different studies have shown convincing and unconvincing correlational in regards to the media and violence, but to whomRead MoreViolence in the Media1047 Words   |  5 Pagesa law that bans violence in the media: in movies, on TV, in video games, and on the Internet? Adi Shimony Golden Gate University Today, media take a major part of our lives, shape our society and create reality.  The Banning violence in the media is an efficient approach the government should take to handle the growing violence in our society. I argue that the US Government should make a law that bans violence in the media. The law needs to limit broadcasting of violence content at timesRead MoreMedia Violence1105 Words   |  5 Pages Censorship of Violence in Popular Entertainment is NOT Justified â€Å"When I was at church they taught me something else/ If you preach hate at the service those words arent anointed/ That holy water that you soak in has been poisoned/ When everyone else is more comfortable remaining voiceless/ Rather than fighting for humans that have had their rights stolen/ I might not be the same, but thats not important/ No freedom till were equal, damn right I support it.† These are lyrics from a songRead MoreMedia Violence1535 Words   |  7 Pagesat looking at the potentially harmful effects of the consumption of violent media and the impact it has on psychological factors. Two psychological factors that have been researched are empathy and aggression and how violent media influences these two emotions. Theories that have tried explaining the pathway from the viewing of violence in media and the impact on aggression have generally focused on the role of violent media being used by consumers as observational learning and promoting the developmentRead MoreMedia Violence1142 Words   |  5 Pagesbeen calculated that American kids see about 200,000 acts of violence and 25,000 murders on television by the time they reach age eighteen. (Schleifer 18) Arrests of people under the age of eighteen for violent crimes rose forty-seven percent from 1988 to 1992. (Miller 174) The American Medical Associ ation conducted a study that found a direct relationship between viewing and homicide. (Miller 176) Does this kind of overexposure to violence have a significant effect on children and teenagers? The answerRead MoreMedia Violence9754 Words   |  40 Pagesare among the greatest of imitatorsÂ… The debate over media violence has eluded definitive answers for more then three decades. At first glance, the debate is dominated by one question. Whether or not media violence causes real life violence and whether or not it has a negative effect of the modern day Canadian family. Closer examination reveals a political battle. On one hand, there are those who blame media violence for societal violence and want to censor violent content to protect our childrenRead MoreThe Violence Of The Media2018 Words   |  9 Pagesit was intended. With so many media outlets present in everyday life, it is not hard to imagine there being many concerns regarding violence in the media. This essay looks to explore why there is concerns regarding violence in the media, focusing on the glorification of violence. The essay will also look at the different types of media outlets, i.e. the music industry, film, television, internet and gaming, and how each of them may present a glorification of violence. The essay will look at the caseRead MoreMedia Violence And Crime Violence1168 Words   |  5 PagesMedia Violence and Crimes There are few debates that have been contentious for so long as the debate of whether violent medias contribute meaningfully to crimes. Because of the majority of shooting events committed by younger shooters, many politicians regard cultural effects as a potential contributing factor, while others dismiss media as a contributing factor. Within the social science community, a similar division exists (Ferguson, 2015). For example, some professional supporting groups, like

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Birth Of Communication Essay - 4825 Words

Outline I.nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;It is important to reflect one’s own national and cultural identity to understand what is different among people of different nations. History teaches us that culture always changes because of internal or external influences, even our own cultures and values change over time. Our world today is a world in which people from different nations and cultures are getting closer and closer because of economical and political reasons. Because cultures are becoming closer, communication is the most important quality for anyone to work on if they want to work in the international society. The history of communication and the relationships that were formed in the early part of worldwide communication still†¦show more content†¦Conclusion Culture involves the way people live, work, their thoughts and perceptions of the world. Intercultural communication is a symbolic, interpretive, and contextual process in which the degree of difference between people is large and important enough to create dissimilar interpretations and expectations about what are regarded as competent behaviors that should be used to create shared meanings. A good American and East Asian relationship is important to people on both sides of the ocean because of the grand potential for trade. The degree of difference between people is important in that here is where the confrontations begin, here is where international disagreements begin, here is where wars begin, and here is where the loss of soldiers in war begins. Trade disagreements, and cultural disagreements and any other kind of perceptional difference could potentially cause something so devastating that words cannot describe what the fate of the world could be. With the onset of communicati on in the 19th century the tension was immense, tomorrow’s technology could be the world’s greatest gift, yet if the world is not mature enough to utilize it, it could also be the world’s greatest devastation. It is important to reflect on national and cultural identity to understand what is different among people of different nations. History teaches that culture always changes because of internal or external influences; even our own cultures and values change over time.Show MoreRelatedSibling Rivalry, Sibling Jealousy, Age And Birth Order, And Adult Sibling Communication Essay1675 Words   |  7 Pagesamong siblings are unique because they are some of the few close relationships that people maintain throughout their entire life. I would best define sibling communication as the way in which siblings interact and communicate with one another. The term â€Å"sibling connection† refers to the interactions (actions, verbal and nonverbal communication) of two (or more) individuals who share common parents, as well as their knowledge, perceptions, attitudes, beliefs, and feelings regarding each other from theRead MoreTda 2.1 Describe the Expected Pattern of Development from Birth to 19 Years to Include, Physical, Communication and Intellectual, Social, Emotional and Behavioural Development2716 Words   |  11 PagesTDA 2.1 Child amp; Young Persons Development 1.1 Describe the expected pattern of children and young peoples development from birth to 19 years to include:- * Physical Development * Communication and Intellectual development * Social , emotional and behavioural development A child’s development can be measured through physical and language milestones, intellectual, emotional and social development. Each child follows a similar pattern, but each child can vary in their developmentRead MoreThe Safety, Rights, And Self Determination Of The Woman1728 Words   |  7 Pagesof labour and birth is becoming highly medicalised with a greater number of interventions and a rise in the number of caesarean sections performed (Walsh Devane, 2012). With this in mind, it is important to examine the reasons behind this, and whether particular models of care demonstrate differences in the safety, rights and self-determination of the woman. This paper will also consider the influence of environmental and cultural factors and the impact of these in labour and birth. The two modelsRead MorePatient Profile : Joanne And Steve Wanted A C Section924 Words   |  4 Pagesdid not work, this is why she had requested the C-section for the birth of this child. Their first child died at 21 days old, he was an IVF baby and it had taken them 5-6 years to get him. After a couple of years they started trying for another baby, they had been saving up for more IVF but they managed to conceive naturally. They had more scans during this pregnancy to ensure the health of the baby was okay. Barriers to communication: She was given air by the midwives to help her with the pain asRead MoreThe Structure Of A Health Care Setting Involving Multiple1270 Words   |  6 Pagesto the developing brain either during pregnancy or shortly after birth. â€Å"Cerebral palsy is a non-progressive, but permanent condition that has lifelong consequences for individuals with cerebral palsy and their families† ([ACPR] 2016). Varying degrees of difficulty with movement and postural control, as well as associated impairments such as vision, hearing, speech, epilepsy, and intellectual, may affect those with CP. During birth, the risks for developing CP is 70% to 80% and 10% is during theRead MoreThe Problem with Teenage Childbearing in the United States1039 Words   |  4 Pagesyouth. Over the last two decades teen birth rates have declined, however the rates of teen births remain to be higher in the United States than any other developed county. Teen birth rate is the number of births per 1,000 mother’s ages 15 to 19 years old. Teen parenting has been associated with many negative outcomes for teen parents and their children. Low rates of maternal education, low incomes, single parenthood, and subsequent births are some of the negative outcomes for teen parentsRead MoreThe Birth Control Of Margaret Sanger Essay951 Words   |  4 Pageswomen’s rights which one of the main one was to legalize birth control in America. During the process of fighting Sanger establish the American Birth Control League, now called Planned Parenthood. Sanger fund money to Grisworld the created of the hormonal birth control pill the dream of Sanger. Sanger, â€Å"wanted to have it all, and was birth control as the necessary condition for the resolution of their often conf licting needs.† (Chesler 25). Birth control has always been a colossal issue since it wasRead MoreAdoption For Prospective Or Current Parents1241 Words   |  5 Pageshave distinct concerns they will encounter, with one being grieving the inability of having biological children, as well as childrearing issues. Adoptees An adoptee represents a person who is not raised by the woman that gave birth to him or her, which may also exclude the birth father. He or she is part of a unique, yet, similar group of individuals that have differing experiences concerning being adopted. Similar to the other parties in the triad who experience joys and heartaches, the same is trueRead MoreThe Reasons For Expected Provider Type And Childbirth Setting772 Words   |  4 Pagesapproximately 220 women. The study found that about 82 percent of respondents planned to give birth in a hospital, 16 percent planned to give birth in a medical birthing center, and 3.8 percent planned to give birth at home. The respondents selected providers based on the quality of service and attributes of the providers, and also on practical factors such as their health insurance. The reasons for choosing birth setting were normative or based on lifestyle, and other factors related to the attributesRead MoreNursing Nurse At The Labor And De livery Center At Franklin Square Hospital1322 Words   |  6 Pagesand that excites her. Her day can vary greatly due to different circumstances and birth plans. She can come in and be put in the position of needing to be a triage nurse, ICU level nurse, OR nurse, a PACU nurse of simply a newborn nursery nurse. She decided to go into a leadership role after have having poor nurse managers and someone told her If you can do it better, Why don t you (B. Lindung, personal communication, September 25, 2014). What she does everyday inspires me to be a greater nurse and

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Migration Act of Australia Immigration System

Question: Describe about the Migration Act of Australia for Immigration System. Answer: A. There are lots of regulations for immigration system of Australia. For the employer who is interested to work in Australia, there are some requirements. If those requirements are fulfilled, then visa for Australia is available. As per case study Wang is a chef in Hong Kong hotel and he has high interest to go Australia for his work but problem arises because Wangs English is good and to get an Australian visa for employment purpose a person has to fulfil the conditions of Subclass 457 visa of Migration act where it is clearly stated that a person should be proficient in English language and he should qualify the English tests as per subclass 457of Migration Act 1958, (Revised 2013). Any overseas employers or Australian employer can sponsor a worker under subclass 457 visa for four years[1]. If a person gets subclass 457 visa then the person can travel Australia for several times[2]. There are several English languages testing for subclass 457 visa which have to be qualified for getting visa are mentioned below: IELTS (International English Language Testing System): The overall score of this test is 5 and in each band its minimum score can be 4.5. OET (Occupational English Test): For allied medical health professionals, it is required that they should be A B pass and four components of OET should be present there[3]. TOEFL IBT: There should be score 12 in writing and speaking and 3 in reading and listening, total score should be 36. PTE (Person test of English (Academic): In each band there should be 30 and average score should be 36. CAE (Cambridge English: Advanced): In each band minimum score should be 147 and average score of the band should be 157. All these visa tests are valid up to 3 years and as per context Wang has to qualify these tests to get the visa for Australia. A table is mentioned below: There are some English language tests exemptions by which the applicants: If the passport of UK, USA, Ireland, Newzealand or Canada, is with the applicant, or 5 years of education of tertiary and secondary examination of the applicant should be from English medium. For English Language Skills Exemption Threshold (ELSET) the applicant has to pay $ 96,400. David has to understand these exemptions. B. Jimmy Tran is the owner of restaurant in Melbourne and he was sponsoring David Wang for subsection 457 Visa for premises and Wang paid $30,000 for premises in Australia. According subsection 457 of work Visa of Migration Act 1958 (Amended 2013), if a person visits overseas then he has to be sponsored by am eligible employer of Australia. As per context Tran was an owner of the restaurant in Melbourne which is in Australia. So he is eligible to sponsor David Wang but as he has charged $30,000 from Wang, so he has breached the rules Migration acts. If the sponsor (Tran) has breach the subsection 457 of Migration act, then he has to give civil penalties to the Australian court and obligations in his sponsorship will occur. As per Sponsor obligation, Jim Tran is not allowed to ask money from Wang As per subsection 457 for breaching Sponsorship obligations, the infringement notice of civil penalty that is, maximum $6,600 and $33000 will be asked from the sponsor (Tran) to the Australian court. According to Schedule 3 of subclass 457 if the employee (Wang) breaches the rules and try to take any illegal action then he will be penalized under Migration act of Australia. The most essential thing is fulfilment of rules of Subsection 457 of Migration act which Wang has to follow with some procedure to qualify the English Test Skills for getting the visa for Australia[4]. As the procedures suggested by Jim Tran is illegal, so by this procedure he will never get the visa for Australia. C. As David was not proficient for English, so with the help of sponsorship also, he was unable to get the visa. For that reason his wife, Ada took decision to apply for skilled visa for her husband. As she was a paediatric nurse, so her English skills may be more than David. For applying skilled visa there are some requirements which have to be fulfilled by her to get the visa. They are: The age of the applicant should be less than 50 and Ada was 33 years old. To work in Australia Ada should have sufficient knowledge of English and to qualify the English test. The qualification of Ada should fulfil the requirement of skilled occupation test. Ada has to get assessed by Australian Assessing Authority for nominated occupation which is a part of skill assessment. Sponsorship is also needed to be applied by Ada for getting the visa. As an applicant Ada has to be reasonable good health person because medical examination will occur before she migrate Australia. Even she has to be good character without any criminal record. As she is a medical health professional, so as per subsection 457, she has to qualify the English language test, especially OET (Occupational English Test) because she is a health professional (paediatric nurse). According to OET, the health professionals are A B pass and four components of OET. In the Point test of English Ada has to score 6.0 points. If the basic requirements and the point test are not qualified by Ada then she will not get the skilled migration application. D. Every occupation in Australia has a code, that is Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of occupations (ANZSCO) code. The ANZCO Code of a registered paediatric nurse is 2544-25 in Australia. If Ada is a registered nurse and her ANZCO code is 2544-25 then, she will get good opportunities for qualifying skilled visa from Visa Bureau migration[5]. For migration purpose, there are certain skill assessments which are responsible for assessing authorities for visa application. For specific occupation, skill assessment is needed to be obtained. Timeframe, assessment procedures and charges are needed to be accessed by that person who has got the authority[6]. Ada can apply for visa to Australian immigration Department and to show the assessing authority she has to be registered under Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia (NMBA). The assessing authority of a Paediatric nurse is ANMAC (Australian Nursing and Midwifery Accreditation Council). For training a nurse steps of ANMAC is essential. The Australian communitys health and safety is protected by ANMAC by giving proper assessment, training and education to the nurses, so that they can treat their patients properly[7]. Accreditation standards and study of the programs for nurses are provided by ANMAC who is their assessing authority[8]. For Skilled Migration Service, it is the responsibility of ANMAC to help nurses like Ada to migrate to Australia following the rules of General Migration Program. E. As per context, in all the 4 components Ada has obtained 6.0 which is the criteria of Competent English as per IELTS but she has to obtain score of 8 for Superior English Language Testing System in four test components whose point will be 20 and in Proficient English, the score which she has to obtain is 7 or more with 10 points. The chart has been described below: Ada has to score total 60 points in English Language Testing System (IELTS), 15 in. Ada will not pass the IELTS, if she does not score these points as she has only qualified the competent English test and scored 6.0. The score will affect the application of subclass 457 visa of Ada because she has not qualified the terms of visa and as per Migration act, of section 186 of ENS and section 187 of RSMS, if the exemptions were given, then visa eligibility would have been permitted to her. If minimum score 5 should have been obtained in the English Language Testing System (IELTS), then in exemption case she would have been allowed for getting the visa for Australia under subsection 457 of Migration act[9]. For more 3 years, she can seat for the English Language Testing System (IELTS) from which authority can be granted to her for getting visa under section 457 of migration law. As per context, Ada has to appear for the English Language Testing System (IELTS), in specific time and if she qualifies the proficiency test and her eligibility criteria is matched then she will get subsection 457 visa under migration act 2013[10]. F. In Migration act there are several rules and regulations under which the subclasses which are mentioned below through which Ada can apply for her visa for her family. Her husband wants to work in Australia and this are the subsections which are followed in visa act. If Ada gets the permanent residency then only she can get the citizenship and she can sponsor her husband and son for visa application in Australia under migration act of 2013. Several amendments and sections with subclasses are mentioned with various applications through which the progress and the application of visa can be followed under Migration Act. All rules and regulations of migration act are needed to be fulfilled for application of visa[11]. As per Migration act of Australia if Ada get the visa and citizenship of Australia, then after 2 years she can apply for Partner provisional visa for her husband and she can sponsor her husband David to migrate in Australia[12]. The charge which she requires to pay Australian government currently in 2015 for his offshore partner is $ 4,630 for getting visa for her husband David. Under subclass 100 of Partner visa for the first stage towards permanent residency, Ada can apply visa for her husband and for provisional visa, under subclass 309, she can apply provisional visa arrangement for her husband David. Adas son is 10 years old while his visa charge have to be applied while giving application for visa. As her child is dependant and she is the sponsor of the visa of her child then, as per sub class 445 of migration act, she has to pay $ 595 in AUD[13]. Bibliography Leese, Peter, Carly McLaughlin and Władysław Witalisz,Migration, Narration, Identity(Peter Lang, 2012) Migration Act 2013(Australian Govt. Pub. Service, 3rd ed, 2013) Vrachnas, John,Migration And Refugee Law(Cambridge University Press, 2012) ANZSCO 254425: Registered Nurse (Paediatrics) - Australia Skilled Visa - Work In Australia(2016) Anzscosearch ANZSCO Occupations | Acacia | Immigration Australia(2016) Australia Visa Information - Visa Fees At Glance(2016) Dependent Child Visa (Subclass 445)(2016) Family Migration To Australia: Australian Visa Bureau(2016) Migration Amendment Act 2013(2016) Partner (Provisional) Visa (Subclass 309) And Partner (Migrant) Visa (Subclass 100)(2016) 457 English Requirement | Acacia | Immigration Australia(2016) 457 Work Visa | Australian Skilled Immigration(2016)